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Living and Learning in Haryana

Updated on: May 31, 2013
Living in Haryana

The state of Haryana is one of the states which heralded India's green revolution. It is a centre for education and sports in the country. This is evident from the number of Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) civil servants. The state has also produced great sportsmen. The state shares its capital, Chandigarh, with the state of Punjab. Situated in the Kuru region in the northern Indian peninsula, today Haryana figures amongst the wealthiest states in the country. The local dialect is Haryanvi.

Bustling with industries and manufacturing units, Haryana boasts of burgeoning production of vehicles like two-wheelers, cars and tractors. Companies like Hero MotoCorp and Maruti Udyog Limited have set up manufacturing plants in the state's Millennium City, Gurgaon. Both these companies are leaders in the two-and four-wheeler sectors in India. The oil refinery set up at Baholi village, Panipat in 1998, is one of the largest in South Asia.


Students can find a lot of places to hang out in the state of Haryana. Some of the popular hang out spots are the Ambience Mall based in Gurgaon, Metropolitan Mall. These malls also house big cinema multiplexes for cine-goers. People may also hangout at places to eat like Chili's, Flip Bistro, New Town Café, Sakley's The Mountain Cafe - all based in Gurgaon.

Cost of living

Cost of living for students may vary from one city to another. Cities like Gurgaon and Faridabad are more expensive than areas like Karnal and Chandigarh, as the former cities are upcoming towns. Sonipat, Panipat and Kurushektra are full of students as these places have colleges and universities like Rajiv Gandhi Education City in Sonipat. Kurukshetra University was set up an institute to promote Indian culture and traditions. Such institutes provide accommodation inside their universities to students, usually with food and lodging facilities included.


Inexpensive restaurant meal

Meal for 2, mid-range restaurant

Apartment in city centre (1 bedroom)

Apartment outside city centre (1 bedroom)

International release cinema ticket

One-way ticket, local transport

Taxi, normal tariff

Gasoline, 1 liter

Basic utilities

Mean cost in rupees

Rs. 200

Rs. 1,000

Rs. 15,000

Rs. 10,000

Rs. 250

Rs. 22

Rs. 50

Rs. 70

Rs. 2,000




The one operational airport in Haryana is in Rohtak. Three more airports in Hissar, Bhilwara and Karnal are under construction. One can easily land at IGI airport and ferry a taxi or bus to almost anywhere in Gurgaon. The state is well-connected with the interstate network of the Indian Railways. The Haryana State Transport buses are one of the best ways to travel throughout the state. The buses also take you between states, from Haryana to its neighbouring states of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. Within the state, students can make use of shared autos and rickshaws, which ply from one point to another in every city. They charge a nominal fare generally starting at Rs. 20. Autos do not have metres and charge passengers up front.

The state

When it comes to education and agriculture, northern Haryana is more developed due to its fertile land and water availability. In southern Haryana, you will see most people are government employees, soldiers serving in the army, politicians and farmers owning many tracts of land.


Amongst all languages, Haryanavi, spoken by the Jat people, dominates as a traditional dialect of the state. Haryanvi does not have any official status. Punjabi is also spoken in the state to a big extent. In fact, Haryana is the second-largest Punjabi-speaking state after Punjab. Hindi is the second most spoken language. Since Haryana shares a border with India's capital, a lot of linguistic and cultural aspects are borrowed from the city in the towns of the state.


Haryana's cultural heritage dates back to the Vedic period. For instance, Dhosi Hill, the ashram of revered Rishi Chyawyan, is a significant site where chyawanprash was created. Haryanivis have their own traditions. Meditation, chanting of Vedas and Vedic mantras, and yoga are followed by many here. In fact, the famous yoga guru Swami Ramdev belongs to Mahendragarh in the state of Haryana.

There are seasonal and religious festivals that glorify the culture of this region. The Surajkund Mela is held here, where foreign tourists flock to see the various shades of India. Many Haryanvis celebrate festivals with great enthusiasm and traditional fervor. Their culture and popular art are saangs, dramas, ballads and songs in which they take great delight. Haryana also has a variety of folk dances to its name.


Haryana being an agrarian and lush green state, curd and milk are a major part of the diet here. Some famous delicacies in Haryana include bajrey ki roti, makke di roti, besan masala roti, sarso da saag, lassi, bathua raita, rajma, kadhi pakora, methi gajar, churma, kheer, singri ki sabzi and tamatar chutney. Because Punjab and Haryana share borders and the capital city of Chandigarh, cuisine of Haryana is similar to the that of the Punjab. The state government has taken the initiative of promoting delicious cuisine from various parts of the world. You may come across an English breakfast or Italian pizzas in restaurants built by the state governments. To taste international cuisine, you may visit restaurants like Chili's, Fresco in Gurgaon, Karnal, Faridabad and Chandigarh.


Haryana is doing well in sports today. It has produced some of the most famous Indian players in sports for the country. For instance, 15 out of 38 gold medals went to Haryana during the 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games. Also, most of India's male wrestlers were from Haryana in the CWG 2010. In terms of team sports, the state of Haryana is called the national champion in the men's volleyball and women's hockey team.

Games like Kho-Kho, kabbadi, judo, volleyball, boxing and wrestling have germinated here. Some of the greatest players hailing from Haryana are Indian volleyball player Balwant Singh Sagwal, famous cricketer Kapil Dev, Virender Sehwag, boxer Vijender Singh Beniwal, wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt and Sushil Kumar. Kumar won a bronze medal in the Beijing Olympics and silver in the London Olympics. Kumar made a record in the Delhi Commonwealth Games when he won a game in nine seconds.

School listings

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"Cost of Living in Chandigarh, India," Numbeo, April 2013

"Food of Haryana: The Great Chutneys," MDU Rohtak, Dr. Ashish Dahiya, 2012

"Haryana does nation proud, wins 15 golds at CWG," Hindustan Times, 14 October, 2010

"Haryana Tourism," NIC, Haryana State Centre

"India's top 25 states with highest GDP," Rediff Business, 23 February, 2012

"Somdev Devvarman wins 29th CWG gold for India," Times of India, 10 October, 2010

"tripadvisor," TripAdvisor

Other sources

Amrita Singh Sivach, civil servant from Karnal

The Beautiful India- Haryana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

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